In the introduction of War of the Worlds, written by H.G. Wells in 1898, the author describes how the British military was invading other countries at the time. The British people thought of themselves as a powerful and strong country that could control weaker nations. H.G. Wells wrote this story for British audiences to put them in the shoes of the poor and innocent people who are being invaded by British armies. He wanted the British to stop invading other countries so he wrote a book that shows the fear, pain, and helplessness of those who are defeated in wars. To do this, H.G. Wells describes the sadness and pain of losing loved ones, the experience of being abused by a stronger force, and the feeling of total powerlessness in the face of a ruthless enemy.
H.G. Wells did a great job in illustrating the panic and pain of losing loved ones by having the soulless Martians attack the British. For instance, Wells describes the separation of the narrator and his wife. Throughout the story, the narrator tries desperately to survive and to find his wife. Meanwhile, he comes across countless dead bodies and faces of people he once knew. Many scenes in the story take place in London, where Martians have destroyed parts of the city. People are running away, hiding, and trying to protect their loved ones. H.G. Wells decided to set his story in London because he wanted his British readers to imagine what it would be like to have their home invaded and destroyed by a much stronger and smarter enemy. He gets his British audience to see war from a different point of view, where they are the innocent people trying to survive and to protect their loved ones.
To show what it is like to be invaded by a much stronger enemy, H.G. Wells creates a Martian army with a superior technology, strength, and size compared to the British. He describes the Martians as creatures with a large head that stands on tentacles without a body. They build large machines that can kill countless humans in seconds with their heat rays. The Martians rely on this advanced technology to kill humans and to take the resources from the planet. This is similar to how the British once relied on guns to invade weaker countries and to take away their natural resources. H.G. Wells uses these examples to convey the injustice of war when one side has an unfair advantage.
The Martians have no relationship to the British families so they show no mercy in killing them. The Martians had a plan and they never tried to communicate with humans. Right after they landed in a rural part of England, they started building their machines night and day. They immediately took over the land and killed anyone who came near them. The Martians treated the humans as if they were small and powerless bugs. The humans brought in their armies and weapons, but the Martians used their heat rays to destroy them in minutes. The humans were totally helpless and began running away. Since the British thought of themselves as a strong nation with advanced technology, H.G. Wells shows how they may not always be the most powerful military. The story shows that the British should not be too arrogant and abuse their power.
Therefore, H.G. Wells wrote this book to show how war is not a good thing. He tries to get the British to stop viewing foreign people as powerless animals that can be killed. The central theme is that people should not be too arrogant because there will always be someone smarter and more powerful. The story tells people to be more humble. In the beginning of the book, humans thought the Martians were not intelligent but instead they were far superior. This led to the death of many people in the book. H.G. Wells wanted his British audience to see what it is like to be invaded, because the British were invading many other countries at the time.